Are Any Reverse Mortgage Expenses Tax Deductible?
February 7, 2006, Revised December 2, 2008, Reviewed January 27, 2010
"Is interest on a reverse mortgage deductible?"
No. Homeowners who take out reverse mortgages can’t deduct the interest
from their taxable income because they don’t pay it currently – it is
added to the loan balance, which isn’t paid until the house is sold.
Ordinarily, that doesn’t happen until they die or move out permanently.
If they sell the house and repay the mortgage, the accumulated interest
should be deductible at that time.
The only earlier deduction would be where the reverse mortgage borrower
is forced to pay some or all of the closing costs in cash, rather than
including them in the reverse mortgage balance. This situation arises
when the reverse mortgage borrower has an existing mortgage that is so
large that paying it off exhausts most or all of the lending limit of
the reverse mortgage. (Under the rules, any existing mortgage must be
paid off with the proceeds of the existing mortgage).
For example, a reader reported a situation where he had a $200,000
balance on his existing mortgage, the maximum loan limit on the reverse
mortgage was $206,000, and total costs of the reverse mortgage were
$14,000. Mortgage insurance was $6,000, lender’s origination fee was
$5,000, and other costs were $3,000. This left him $8,000 short, and
that amount had to be paid in cash. He wanted to know if there was any
way to make this deductible?
After warning him that I was not a tax lawyer, I suggested that the
$5,000 origination fee ought to be deductible. An origination fee
expressed as a percent of the loan amount is conceptually identical to
points, which are deductible. However, points are deductible in the
transaction year only on home purchases. Otherwise, they must be spread
over the life of the loan. Since a reverse mortgage has no term, I
suggested using his expected life in the transaction year as shown on a